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Children in India – 2018 : A Statistical appraisal

Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, India. 2018.

This publication presents and analyses the statistics on the conditions of children on several broad indicators. The publications also provides useful information on Constitutional and legal provisions for children and child oriented policies and programmes.

url – http://mospi.nic.in/sites/default/files/publication_reports/Children_in_India_2018_A_Statistical_Appraisal.pdf
courtesy -MOSPI

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Dimensions of India’s Economy as seen through the Economic Survey 2017-18 and the Union Budget 2018-19

Manmohan Agarwal, Sunandan Ghosh, M Parameswaran, Ritika Jain, P Seenath, Hrushikesh Mallick, Vinoj Abraham, Udaya S Mishra, Sunil Mani, and P L Beena

Centre for Development Studies Commentary of India’s Economy and Society Series – 1, 2018.

Contents
Introduction
1 State of the Economy – Manmohan Agarwal
2 External Sector – Sunandan Ghosh
3 Slowdown in Investment – M Parameswaran
4 Ease of Doing Business – Ritika Jain
5 Agriculture Sector – P Seenath
6 Government Finance and Macro Economy – Hrushikesh Mallick
7 Employment, Job Creation & Labour Market – Vinoj Abraham
8 Social Infrastructure and Human Development – Udaya S Mishra
9 Science and Technology – Sunil Mani
10 Concerns on MSMEs, FDI and Trade – P L Beena

URL – http://cds.edu/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Ecconomy1.pdf
Courtesy – CDS

Using Social Connections and Financial Incentives to Solve Coordination Failure: A Quasi-Field Experiment in India’s Manufacturing Sector

Farzana Afridi, Amrita Dhillon, Sherry Xin Li, and Swati Sharma.

IZA Discussion Paper No. 11521, 2018.

Production processes are often organised in teams, yet there is limited evidence on whether and how social connections and financial incentives affect productivity in tasks that require coordination among workers. We simulate assembly line production in a lab-in-the-field experiment in which workers exert real effort in a minimum-effort game in teams whose members are either socially connected or unconnected and are paid according to the group output. We find that group output increases by 15% and wasted individual output is lower by 30% when workers are socially connected with their co-workers. Unlike the findings of existing research, increasing the power of group-based financial incentives does not reduce the positive effect of social connections. Our results are driven by men whose average productivity is significantly lower than that of women. These findings can be explained by pro-social behavior of workers in socially connected teams.

URL: https://www.iza.org/publications/dp/11521/using-social-connections-and-financial-incentives-to-solve-coordination-failure-a-quasi-field-experiment-in-indias-manufacturing-sector

Courtesy: IZA

Towards a Gramscian food regime analysis of India’s agrarian crisis: Counter-movements, petrofarming and Cheap Nature

Jostein Jakobsen.
Geoforum, 90, 1-10. 2018.

Abstract :
This article develops an initial framework for a Gramscian and political ecological food regime analysis of India’s ongoing agrarian crisis. Criticizing readings of Polanyi in food regime analysis in light of Gramscian perspectives, I seek to contest food regime analysis’s approach to counter-movements. I suggest, further, that close attention to the Indian case of ‘actually existing crises’ helps us avoid some of the capital-centric limitations in food regime literature. Working towards an incipient understanding of the absence of a sustained smallholder counter-movement at the current conjuncture in India, I argue for locating our investigation at the intersection of crises of accumulation and of legitimation. I analyze India’s decentralized form of petrofarming as a socioecological cycle of accumulation that is presently facing a condition of exhaustion of Cheap Nature. Drawing on Gramscian perespectives, I argue that an analytics that foregrounds the dynamics of class forces in the integral state can help us rethinking the possibilities for resistance to the contemporary food regime more broadly.

url – https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016718518300216
courtesy -Elsevier

What Is Happening to India’s R&D Funding?

Sunil Mani
Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 53, Issue No. 14, 07 Apr, 2018

India’s science and technology policies advocate increased investment in research and development. However, in 2017–18, the tax incentive for company expenditure on R&D was reduced. This is likely to have major ramifications for R&D at a time when India’s domestic research effort is already in decline.

url – http://www.epw.in/journal/2018/14/commentary/what-happening-indias-rd-funding.html
Courtesy – EPW

Family structure, education and women’s employment in rural India

Sowmya Dhanaraj and Vidya Mahambare
WIDER Working Paper 2017/195
Abstract:This paper investigates if residing in a joint family affects non-farm employment for married women in rural India. Our estimates based on a longitudinal survey of over 27000 women conducted in 2005 and 2012, and using the conditional logistic regression and instrumental variable approach suggest that living in a joint family lowers married women’s non-farm employment by more than 10 percentage points.The adverse impact is higher for younger women, for women from families with higher social status, and for those residing in Northern India. We
present evidence to suggest that women with higher education levels are not constrained from cultural and traditional norms thatlower women’s decision-making power and mobility in a joint family. An increased education level is likely to raise women’s earning capacity as well as the quality of jobs which may help in lowering family pressure against work. The results suggest that public policies that encourage higher education, improving job accessibility along with affordable childcare, especially for women with less education will raise non-farm employmentfor women living in a joint family.
Courtesy : UNU-WIDER

MGNREGA, Paid Work and Women’s Empowerment

Fernanda Bárcia De Mattos and Sukti Dasgupta

ILO Working Papers 994974190802676, 2017

Abstract

This paper examines the nexus between legislation, paid employment, women’s empowerment and transformative gender equality in India. Using a sample of married women from the India Human Development Survey (IHDS), we find that the government legislated rural employment guarantee, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), has been instrumental in ensuring paid employment for women – for many married women it is the first opportunity for paid work. We also find paid employment and MGNREGA had positive and significant effects on women’s control over household decisions. However, we do not find enough evidence to suggest a transformative impact in terms of breaking the cycle of disadvantage, proxied by the timethe older girl child spends in school.

URL: https://ideas.repec.org/p/ilo/ilowps/994974190802676.html

Courtesy: IDEAS