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Journal of Contemporary Asia, Vol.48, No.2, May 2018

Articles

Who Governs and How? Non-State Actors and Transnational Governance in Southeast Asia(Pages: 187-203) by Shaun Breslin & Helen E. S. Nesadurai

New Constellations of Social Power: States and Transnational Private Governance of Palm Oil Sustainability in Southeast Asia(Pages: 204-229) by Helen E. S. Nesadurai

Building Governance from Scratch: Myanmar and the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative(Pages: 230-251) by Marco Bünte

Governing the Safety and Security of the Malacca Strait: The Nippon Foundation between States and Industry(Pages: 252-277) by Alice D. Ba

Governing Domestic Worker Migration in Southeast Asia: Public–Private Partnerships, Regulatory Grey Zones and the Household(Pages: 278-300) by Juanita Elias

Economic Governance Beyond State and Market: Islamic Capital Markets in Southeast Asia(Pages: 301-321) by Lena Rethel

Research Articles

The Limits of Gender Quotas: Women’s Parliamentary Representation in Indonesia(Pages: 322-338) by Ben Hillman

Bases That Leave: Consequences of US Base Closures and Realignments in South Korea(Pages: 339-357) by Claudia J. Kim

Book reviews

A History of Ayutthaya: Siam in the Early Modern Period Chris Baker and Pasuk Phongpaichit (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017)(Pages: 358-359) by Robert H. Taylor

Ethnic Conflict and Protest in Tibet and Xinjiang. Unrest in China’s West Ben Hillman and Gray Tuttle (eds) (New York: Columbia University Press, 2016)(Pages: 360-361) by Colin Mackerras

URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rjoc20/48/2?nav=tocList

Courtesy: T&F

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The Distribution of the Gender Wage Gap

Sonia R. Bhalotra, and Manuel Fernandez Sierra.

IZA DP No. 11640. 2018.

We analyse impacts of the rising labor force participation of women on the gender wage gap. We formulate and structurally estimate an equilibrium model of the labor market in which the elasticity of substitution between male and female labor is allowed to vary depending on the task content of occupations.

We find that the elasticity of substitution is higher in high- paying occupations that are intensive in abstract and analytical tasks than in low-paying manual and routine occupations. Consistent with this we find a narrowing of the gender wage gap towards the upper end of the wage distribution and an increase in the gender wage gap at the low end.

Demand side trends favoured women and this attenuated the supply-driven downward pressure on women’s wages in low-paying occupations, and fully counteracted it in high-paying occupations. The paper contributes new evidence on the distribution of the gender wage gaps, and contributes to a wider literature on technological change, occupational sorting, wage inequality and polarization.

URL: https://www.iza.org/publications/dp/11640/the-distribution-of-the-gender-wage-gap

Courtesy: IZA

Outsourcing under incomplete information

Tarun Kabiraj.

Indian Growth and Development Review, 10(1).

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to show that outsourcing can occur as outcome of a separating or pooling perfect Bayesian equilibrium although it is not profitable under complete information. Therefore, asymmetric information can itself be a reason for outsourcing.

Design/methodology/approach

The present paper constructs a model of two firms interacting in the product market under asymmetric information where one firm has private information about its technological capability, and it has the option to produce inputs in-house or buy inputs from an input market. However, using outsourced inputs involves a fixed cost at the plant level. The model solves for perfect Bayesian equilibrium.

Findings

There are situations when under complete information, outsourcing of the input will not occur, but, under incomplete information, either only the low-cost type or both high and low-cost types will go for outsourcing, and there always exist reasonable beliefs supporting these equilibria. In particular, when the fixed cost is neither too small not too large, a separating equilibrium occurs in which the low-cost type outsources inputs from the input market but the high-cost type produces in-house; hence, outsourcing signals the firm’s type. Outsourcing by only the high-cost type firm will never occur in equilibrium.

Originality/value

That incomplete or asymmetric information can itself be a reason for strategic outsourcing is never identified in the literature. The present paper is an attempt to fill this gap and raise the issue of outsourcing in an incomplete information environment.

URL: https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/IGDR-03-2017-0014

Courtesy: Emeraldinsight

How does family involvement affect a firm’s internationalization? An investigation of Indian family firms

Sougata Ray, Arindam Mondal, Kavil Ramachandran.
Global Strategy Journal, 8(1). 2018.
We investigate whether and how family ownership and management influence firms’ internationalization strategies in an emerging economy in which family firms are dominant. Anchoring on the willingness and ability framework and drawing on the socioemotional wealth perspective and agency theory, we theorize how the heterogeneity among family firms in their ownership structures, concentration, and family involvement in management shapes the firms’ internationalization strategies.
We also theorize how certain contingencies, such as the presence of foreign institutional ownership and family management, moderate the relationship between family ownership and internationalization strategy. We test our predictions by using a proprietary, longitudinal panel dataset of 303 leading family firms from India and find support for most of our theoretical predictions.
Courtesy: Wiley online library

Impact of patent policy changes on R&D expenditure by industries in India

Ruchi Sharma ,Audhesh K. Paswan, Sunil K. Ambrammal, Madan Dhanora. 

The Journal of World Intellectual Property, 21(1-2). 2018.

Emerging economies realizing the importance of innovation are taking steps to enhance their innovative capabilities. Among the tools used, institutional factor such as patent protection policy is being increasingly used by such economies, despite mixed research evidence linking patent protection policies and innovation.

This study investigates the effects of patent policy changes on stimulating innovation in India. Panel data regression technique is used on data for 1989–1990 to 2009–2010. The results indicate that patent policy changes, specifically, increase in the protection duration, enforcement mechanism, and membership into international convention dimensions of patent policy have positive influence on the R&D intensity.

URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/toc/17471796/2018/21/1-2

Courtesy: Wiley online library

Dietary and nondietary determinants of nutritional status among adolescent girls and adult women in India

Madhari S. Radhika , Boddula Swetha, B. Naveen Kumar, N. Bala Krishna, Avula Laxmaiah

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1416(1). 2018.

Adolescence appears to be the next available critical period to improve inadequacies in nutrition, growth, and development from childhood. In this analysis, we describe the dietary and nondietary determinants of nutritional status among adolescent girls and adult women residing in rural areas of India. We used data pertaining to 3930 adolescents (10–19 years) and 11,058 adult women (20–49 years) from the National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau Survey, 2011–2012 database.

Logistic regression analysis was conducted to understand the effects of various individual‐ and household‐level determinants of thinness and underweight among adolescents and adult women, respectively. Almost one‐third of the adolescents and adult women were undernourished. Factors other than dietary adequacy and diversity had a greater impact on undernutrition in both the adolescents and adult women. The nondietary determinants (e.g., higher age group, higher household wealth status, access to improved water, better maternal work status, and living in better type of houses) predicted good nutritional status in the adolescent girls.

In addition, the women’s own higher education and household occupation status and better sanitation facilities improved undernutrition in adult women. Therefore,India needs multipronged strategies along with dietary interventions and effective implementation programs to achieve good health and well‐being of adolescents and adult women.

URL: https://nyaspubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/toc/17496632/1416/1

Courtesy: wiley online library

Journal of Public Economics, Volume 163 ,July 2018

Articles

Politics and public goods in developing countries: Evidence from the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi by David S. Blakeslee

Priorities in school choice: The case of the Boston mechanism in Barcelona by Caterina Calsamiglia, Maia Güell

Peer effects in financial decision-making by Ethan M.J. Lieber, William Skimmyhorn

Transparency in parliamentary voting by Christine Benesch, Monika Bütler, Katharina E. Hofer

Caution! Men not at work: Gender-specific labor market conditions and child maltreatment by Jason M. Lindo, Jessamyn Schaller, Benjamin Hansen

The effect of the affordable care act Medicaid expansions on financial wellbeing by Luojia Hu, Robert Kaestner, Bhashkar Mazumder, Sarah Miller, Ashley Wong

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/journal-of-public-economics/vol/163/suppl/C

Courtesy: Sciencedirect

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