K. N. Raj Library – Content Alerts
August 2017
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Empowering the empowered? Slum tourism and the depoliticization of poverty

Melissa Nisbet
Geoforum, Vol-85, 2017

Mumbai’s Dharavi slum occupies a plot half the size of Central Park. It is home to one million people, withalmost half of residents living in spaces under 10 m2, making it over six times as dense as daytime Manhattan.Using ethnographic fieldwork and online analysis, this article examines slum tourism and the perceptions andexperiences of western visitors. Local tour operators emphasize the productivity of the slum, with its annualturnover of $665 million generated from its hutment industries. Its poor sanitation, lack of clean water, squalidconditions and overcrowding are ignored and replaced by a vision of resourcefulness, hard work and diligence.This presentation of the slum as a hive of industry is so successful that visitors overlook, or even deny, its obviouspoverty. Dharavi is instead perceived as a manufacturing hub and retail experience; and in some cases evenromanticized as a model of contentment and neighbourliness, with western visitors transformed by ‘life-chan-ging’, ‘eye-opening’ and ‘mind-blowing’ experiences. This article concludes that the potential of slum tours as aform of international development is limited, as they enable wealthy middle-class westerners to feel ‘inspired’,‘uplifted’ and ‘enriched’, but with little understanding of the need for change.

Read more here …
Courtesy – Academia.edu

Understanding Marx’s Capital

Paramjit singh
Critique, 2017 Vol. 45, No. 3

The financial crisis of 2008, followed by recession in the world economy, has again put a question mark on the stability of capitalist economic system. The ideological justification of capitalism in the name of freedom and wealth to the majority was questioned by reactionary ‘occupy movements’ throughout the main centers of global capitalism.The discussion among the pro-people intellectuals and activists started again regarding the working of capitalism. In order to question the claims of capitalism and fruitful discussion on society beyond capitalism, we require a comprehensive understanding of the structure and working of capitalism. There is not a better work and an alternative to Marx’s Capital if one wants to understand the fundamentals of capitalist economic structure.

read more here …
courtesy – Academia.edu

ICT in Agriculture (Updated edition) : Connecting Smallholders to Knowledge, Networks, and Institutions

The World Bank, 2017

Information and communication technology (ICT) has always mattered in agriculture. Ever since people have grown crops, raised livestock, and caught fish, they have sought information from one another. Today, ICT represents a tremendous opportunity for rural populations to improve productivity, to enhance food and nutrition security, to access markets, and to find employment opportunities in a revitalized sector. ICT has unleashed incredible potential to improve agriculture, and it has found a foothold even in poor smallholder farms. ICT in Agriculture, Updated Edition is the revised version of the popular ICT in Agriculture e-Sourcebook, first launched in 2011 and designed to support practitioners, decision makers, and development partners who work at the intersection of ICT and agriculture. Our hope is that this updated Sourcebook will be a practical guide to understanding current trends, implementing appropriate interventions, and evaluating the impact of ICT interventions in agricultural programs.

url – https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/27526
courtesy -The World Bank

National Bureau of Economic Research Latest Working Papers during the week of August 14, 2017

The following NBER Working Papers were released in electronic format this week. Abbreviations in parentheses refer to NBER Research Programs. (visit http://www.nber.org/programs for Program information.)

1.  Portfolio Liquidity and Diversification: Theory and Evidence by Lubos Pastor, Robert F. Stambaugh, Lucian A. Taylor #23670 (AP) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23670?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

2.  Opportunities and Challenges: Lessons from Analyzing Terabytes of Scanner Data by Serena Ng #23673 (TWP)
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23673?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

3.  People Versus Machines: The Impact of Minimum Wages on Automatable Jobs by Grace Lordan, David Neumark #23667 (LS PR) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23667?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

4.  Globalization and the Increasing Correlation between Capital Inflows and Outflows by J. Scott Davis, Eric van Wincoop #23671 (IFM) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23671?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

5.  Indirect Inference with Importance Sampling: An Application to Women’s Wage Growth by Robert M. Sauer, Christopher R. Taber #23669 (LS TWP) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23669?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

6.  Consumer Learning and the Entry of Generic Pharmaceuticals by Neha Bairoliya, Pinar Karaca-Mandic, Jeffrey S. McCullough, Amil Petrin #23662 (HC HE IO) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23662?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

7.  Subsidizing Health Insurance for Low-Income Adults: Evidence from Massachusetts by Amy Finkelstein, Nathaniel Hendren, Mark Shepard #23668 (HC PE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23668?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

8.  Simulating Business Cash Flow Taxation: An Illustration Based on the “Better Way” Corporate Tax Reform by Seth G Benzell, Laurence J Kotlikoff, Guillermo LaGarda #23675 (CF EFG) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23675?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

9.  Systematic Managed Floating by Jeffrey A. Frankel #23663 (IFM ME) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23663?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

10.  Debt and Financial Vulnerability on the Verge of Retirement by Annamaria Lusardi, Olivia S. Mitchell, Noemi Oggero #23664 (AG) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23664?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

11.  Unwelcome Guests? The Effects of Refugees on the Educational Outcomes of Incumbent Students by David N. Figlio, Umut Ozek #23661 (CH ED LS) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23661?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

12.  Macro and Micro Dynamics of Productivity: From Devilish Details to Insights by Lucia S. Foster, Cheryl A. Grim, John Haltiwanger, Zoltan Wolf #23666 (EFG PR) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23666?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

13.  On the Dynamics of Community Development by Levon Barseghyan, Stephen Coate #23674 (PE POL) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23674?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

14.  Level and Volatility Factors in Macroeconomic Data by Yuriy Gorodnichenko, Serena Ng #23672 (EFG ME TWP)
http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23672?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

15.  School Starting Age and Cognitive Development by Elizabeth Dhuey, David Figlio, Krzysztof Karbownik, Jeffrey Roth #23660 (CH ED LS) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23660?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

16.  Shopping for Lower Sales Tax Rates by Scott R. Baker, Stephanie Johnson, Lorenz Kueng #23665 (EFG IO ME PE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w23665?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw

 

Courtesy: NBER

American Economic Review Vol. 10,7 No. 6, May 2017

Contents

Creative Destruction: Barriers to Urban Growth and the Great Boston Fire of 1872 by Richard Hornbeck and DanielKeniston

Bidder Solicitation, Adverse Selection, and the Failure of Competition by Stephan Lauermann and AsherWolinsky

A Theory of Crowdfunding: A Mechanism Design Approach with Demand Uncertainty and Moral Hazard by Roland Strausz

Southern Economic Journal, Volume 84, Issue 1, July 2017

Articles

The Market-Promoting and Market-Preserving Role of Social Trust in Reforms of Policies and Institutions (pages 3–25)Niclas Berggren and Christian Bjørnskov

The Puzzling Pattern of Multiple Job Holding across U.S. Labor Markets (pages 26–51)Barry T. Hirsch, Muhammad M. Husain and John V. Winters

Smile, Dictator, You’re on Camera (pages 52–65)Joy A. Buchanan, Matthew K. McMahon, Matthew Simpson and Bart J. Wilson

Buyer-Induced Exclusive Dealing (pages 66–81)David E. Mills

The Punitive Damages Calculus: The Differential Incidence of State Punitive Damages Reforms (pages 82–97)Benjamin J. McMichael and W. Kip Viscusi

Contribution Limits and Transparency in a Campaign Finance Experiment (pages 98–119)Dmitry Shapiro and Arthur Zillante

The Hidden Educational Costs of Intensified Immigration Enforcement (pages 120–154)Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes and Mary J. Lopez

Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 52, Issue No. 31, 05 Aug, 2017

Editorials

Tank Nationalism

In the Name of Justice

Games Coalitions Play

From 50 Years Ago

From 50 Years Ago: War in Vietnam

Margin Speak

Azadi Kooch: Towards a New Grammar of the Dalit Struggle by Anand Teltumbde

URL: http://www.epw.in/journal/2017/31
Courtesy: EPW

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