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World Bank, 2018.
‘Measuring the Effectiveness of Social Protection: Concepts and Applications’ provides the conceptual and analytical framework for assessing social protection (SP) programs, as well as provides a practical guide for users seeking to conduct analysis, particularly using the World Bank’s Software Platform for Automated Economic Analysis (ADePT).
The book provides a comprehensive unique resource to tie together social policy theory, concepts and practical analytical techniques. The book content is targeted at policymakers and practitioners worldwide seeking to improve the outcomes of their social protection policies.
It suggests advanced methods and a new rapid analysis instrumental for technical experts working on quantitative SP analysis for their ministry, national statistics offices, think tanks, universities, or development organizations.
The book aims to equip users with different statistical background and SP knowledge to independently conduct SP analysis and prepare a standardized set of tables and graphs to conduct different types of SP performance analysis, ranging from benchmarking SP performance within and across countries, simulating the performance of alternative reform options, and assessing the viability of proposed programs.
Courtesy: World Bank Group
How does family involvement affect a firm’s internationalization? An investigation of Indian family firms
CDS Working Paper no. 473
Family caregiving for older adults: gendered roles and caregiver burden in emigrant households of Kerala, India
Allen Prabhaker Ugargol and Ajay Bailey
Asian Population Studies, 2018
The Indian state of Kerala leads the demographic transition and characteristically showcases emigration of predominantly male adult children, leaving behind parents, spouses and children. When men emigrate, gendered contexts burden women, especially spouses and daughters-in-law, with caregiving duties including elder care. Employing the social exchange perspective and drawing on in-depth interviews of left-behind caregivers to older adults in emigrant households, we explore reciprocal motives, expectations and perceptions of burden. Findings resonate gendered expectations of care and social sanction that ensure women do much of the caregiving. Daughters-in-law sacrificed careers and endured separation from husbands to transition into caregiving roles, costs borne to effectuate their husband’s filial role. Perceived non-reciprocity, unbalanced exchanges and unmet expectations increased perceptions of burden for caregivers. Temporary financial autonomy could hardly alleviate perceptions of burden among women caregivers who perceived emotional and functional support exchanges from husbands, older adults themselves or other family members as supportive.
Courtesy : T&F
Berrak Bahadir, Santanu Chatterjee, Thomas Lebesmuehlbacher
This paper analyzes the dynamic absorption of remittances at the macroeconomic level, contrasting two possible effects on economic activity, depending on whether these accrue to hand-to-mouth wage earners or credit-constrained entrepreneurs. Using an open economy DSGE model with heterogeneous households, we show that the effects of remittances are inherently contractionary if they accrue to the first group, and expansionary when they accrue to the second group. Calibrating the model to the Philippines using both aggregate data as well as micro-evidence from the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES), we show that accounting for both binding credit constraints and the internal distribution of remittances improves the model’s fit to the data. Welfare gains result when the distribution of remittances is skewed towards entrepreneurs.
The following NBER Working Papers were released in electronic format this week. Abbreviations in parentheses refer to NBER Research Programs. (visit http://www.nber.org/programs for Program information.)
1. Urban Revival in America, 2000 to 2010 by Victor Couture, Jessie Handbury #24084 (ITI) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24084?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
2. House Price Beliefs And Mortgage Leverage Choice by Michael Bailey, Eduardo Davila, Theresa Kuchler, Johannes Stroebel #24091 (AP CF EFG ME PE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24091?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
3. Who Becomes an Inventor in America? The Importance of Exposure to Innovation by Alexander M. Bell, Raj Chetty, Xavier Jaravel, Neviana Petkova, John Van Reenen #24062 (CH EFG LS PE PR) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24062?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
4. Endowments, Skill-Biased Technology, and Factor Prices: A Unified Approach to Trade by Peter M. Morrow, Daniel Trefler #24078 (ITI) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24078?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
5. Household Wealth Trends in the United States, 1962 to 2016: Has Middle Class Wealth Recovered? by Edward N. Wolff #24085 (PR) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24085?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
6. Shrinking the Cross Section by Serhiy Kozak, Stefan Nagel, Shrihari Santosh #24070 (AP) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24070?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
7. Leaving Money on the Table? Suboptimal Enrollment in the New Social Pension Program in China by Xi Chen, Lipeng Hu, Jody L. Sindelar #24065 (AG DEV HE PE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24065?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
8. Brokers and Order Flow Leakage: Evidence from Fire Sales by Andrea Barbon, Marco Di Maggio, Francesco Franzoni, Augustin Landier #24089 (AP) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24089?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
9. A Stream of Prospects or a Prospect of Streams: On the Evaluation of Intertemporal Risks by James Andreoni, Paul Feldman, Charles Sprenger #24075 (PE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24075?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
10. Who Falls Prey to the Wolf of Wall Street? Investor Participation in Market Manipulation by Christian Leuz, Steffen Meyer, Maximilian Muhn, Eugene Soltes, Andreas Hackethal #24083 (AP CF LE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24083?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
11. Venture Capital Investments and Merger and Acquisition Activity Around the World by Gordon M. Phillips, Alexei Zhdanov #24082 (CF IO PR) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24082?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
12. Household Inequality and the Consumption Response to Aggregate Real Shocks by Gene Amromin, Mariacristina De Nardi, Karl Schulze #24073 (PE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24073?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
13. Wages and Employment: The Canonical Model Revisited by Audra Bowlus, Eda Bozkurt, Lance Lochner, Chris Robinson #24069 (LS) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24069?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
14. The L-Shaped Phillips Curve: Theoretical Justification and Empirical Implications by Narayana R. Kocherlakota #24086 (EFG) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24086?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
15. Wealthier, Happier and More Self-Sufficient: When Anti-Poverty Programs Improve Economic and Subjective Wellbeing at a Reduced Cost to Taxpayers by Titus J. Galama, Robson Morgan, Juan E. Saavedra #24090 (DEV) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24090?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
16. Why are Banks Exposed to Monetary Policy? by Sebastian Di Tella, Pablo Kurlat #24076 (EFG) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24076?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
17. A New Index of Debt Sustainability by Olivier J. Blanchard, Mitali Das #24068 (IFM) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24068?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
18. Job Tasks, Time Allocation, and Wages by Ralph Stinebrickner, Todd R. Stinebrickner, Paul J. Sullivan #24079 (LS) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24079?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
19. Unhappiness and Pain in Modern America: A Review Essay, and Further Evidence, on Carol Graham’s Happiness for All? by David G. Blanchflower, Andrew Oswald #24087 (HE LS) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24087?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
20. New Evidence of Generational Progress for Mexican Americans by Brian Duncan, Jeffrey Grogger, Ana Sofia Leon, Stephen J. Trejo #24067 (LS) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24067?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
21. The Impact of Bank Credit on Labor Reallocation and Aggregate Industry Productivity by John (Jianqiu) Bai, Daniel Carvalho, Gordon M. Phillips #24081 (CF IO LS PR) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24081?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
22. High Wage Workers Work for High Wage Firms by Katarina Borovickova, Robert Shimer #24074 (EFG LS)
23. Reconsidering the Consequences of Worker Displacements: Firm versus Worker Perspective by Aaron B. Flaaen, Matthew D. Shapiro, Isaac Sorkin #24077 (EFG LS ME) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24077?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
24. Environmental, Social, and Governance Criteria: Why Investors are Paying Attention by Ravi Jagannathan, Ashwin Ravikumar, Marco Sammon #24063 (AP EEE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24063?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
25. The Long-run Effects of Agricultural Productivity on Conflict, 1400-1900 by Murat Iyigun, Nathan Nunn, Nancy Qian #24066 (DEV POL) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24066?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
26. U.S. Job Flows and the China Shock by Brian J. Asquith, Sanjana Goswami, David Neumark, Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez #24080 (ITI LS PR) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24080?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
27. Spatial Patterns of Development: A Meso Approach by Stelios Michalopoulos, Elias Papaioannou #24088 (DEV EFG POL PR) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24088?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
28. The Marginal Product of Climate by Tatyana Deryugina, Solomon Hsiang #24072 (DAE DEV EEE EFG PE)
29. Credit Default Swaps, Agency Problems, and Management Incentives by Jongsub Lee, Junho Oh, David Yermack #24064 (AP CF LE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24064?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
Rachel M. Gisselquist
Fragile states pose major development and security challenges. Considerable international resources are therefore devoted to state-building and institutional strengthening in fragile states, with generally mixed results. This volume explores how unpacking the concept of fragility and studying its dimensions and forms can help to build policy-relevant understandings of how states become more resilient and the role of aid therein.
It highlights the particular challenges for donors in dealing with ‘chronically’ (as opposed to ‘temporarily’) fragile states and those with weak legitimacy, as well as how unpacking fragility can provide traction on how to take ‘local context’ into account.
Three chapters present new analysis from innovative initiatives to study fragility and fragile state transitions in cross-national perspective. Four chapters offer new focused analysis of selected countries, drawing on comparative methods and spotlighting the role of aid versus historical, institutional and other factors.
It has become a truism that one-size-fits-all policies do not work in development, whether in fragile or non-fragile states. This is should not be confused with a broader rejection of ‘off-the-rack’ policy models that can then be further adjusted in particular situations. Systematic thinking about varieties of fragility helps us to develop this range, drawing lessons – appropriately – from past experience.