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Unfree Labour in Immigration Detention: Exploitation and Coercion of a Captive Immigrant Workforce

Katie Bales & Lucy Mayblin.

Economy and Society , 47(2), 2018.

Abstract

This paper focuses on labour within immigration detention in the United Kingdom, offering an original national case study as well as a new conceptual framework for analysing such practices. It does so through an innovative engagement with recent literatures on forced labour, unfreedom and hyper-precarity, particularly amongst irregular migrants.

We advance two key arguments in this paper. First, that the available data on labour within immigration detention indicate that detainees should legally be considered employees and granted access to labour protections, including the national minimum wage.

Second, that work in immigration detention is an example of state-sanctioned exploitative, coercive and unfree labour amongst a hyper-precarious group of the population. This case has implications for other country contexts where immigration detention is used.

URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03085147.2018.1484051

Courtesy: Taylor & Francis Online

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Reform, informal sector, and extortion

Biswajit Mandal, Sugata Marjit, Hamid Beladi.

Economics & Politics, 30(1), 2018.

Informal economy involving unrecorded, unregistered, extra‐legal activities employs majority of the work force in the developing world. Such extra‐legal existence of informal production is facilitated through extortion by agents of political forces in power. Also, extortion activities themselves constitute an informal segment.

Full‐scale general equilibrium consequences of such institutions are rarely discussed in the literature. We develop a well‐specified general equilibrium model to explore the possible consequences of reform. Economic reform may have an expansionary effect on the number of extortionists. Depending on capital mobility and factor intensity assumptions informal output and informal wage may increase.

URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ecpo.12099

Courtesy: Wiley online library

Labor market and access to justice

Romain Espinosa, Claudine Desrieux, Marc Ferracci.

International Review of Law and Economics, 54, 2018.

In 2008, the French government enacted a reform that reduced the number of labor courts by one quarter. This led to significant changes in access to labor courts for many workers and employers who had to travel further to proceed with conflict litigation. We use this reform to evaluate how access to labor courts affects the labor market.

Our empirical approach mainly relies on regression-adjusted conditional differences-in-differences estimations. We find that cities that experienced an increase in the distance to their associated labor court suffered from a lower growth rate of job creation (−4 percentage points), job destruction (−4.6 pp) and firm creation (−6.3 pp) between 2007 and 2012 compared to unaffected cities.

We find opposite but insignificant effects for cities that experienced a fall in the distance to the labor court. These results emphasize the central role of labor courts for the good functioning of the labor market.

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014481881730042X

Courtesy: Sciencedirect

Work Engagement in India and Thailand: A Comparative Analysis

Richa Chaudhary, Santosh RangnekarUthai TanlamaiSurasvadee RajkulchaiAnirut Asawasakulsor.
Global Business Review, 19(1), 2018.
The study investigated the role of human resource development climate (HRDC) and self-efficacy as predictors of work engagement amongst IT-sector employees of India and Thailand. In addition, it also made an attempt to unfurl the mechanism underlying the proposed relationship by proposing and testing a model with self-efficacy as an intervening variable.
Work engagement levels among IT-sector employees in Thailand were found be slightly higher than those among the employees in India. Both HRDC and self-efficacy were found to be significant predictors of work engagement. The results for self-efficacy as a mediator and a moderator of the proposed relationship between HRDC and work engagement are reported and discussed.
Article building on the theoretical framework of the job-demands resources model, the social cognitive theory and the conservation of resources (COR) theory produces cross-national knowledge about work engagement and predictors.
Courtesy: Sage

India Wage Report: Wage policies for decent work and inclusive growth

International Labour Organisation.

This report provides an overview of recent trends in wages, including wage gaps between different categories of workers, gender wage gaps, wages by sector and occupation, and trends in wage inequality. It analyses the existing market labour institutions and framework; particularly focussing on minimum wages and collective bargaining, and also suggests some policy-oriented recommendations.

URL: https://www.ilo.org/newdelhi/whatwedo/publications/WCMS_638305/lang–en/index.htm

Courtesy: ILO

Mapping and measuring the effectiveness of labour-related disclosure requirements for global supply chains

Nicola Phillips, Genevieve LeBaron and Sara Wallin.

ILO Working paper No. 32. 2018

This study analyses the global rise of disclosure legislations as an approach to governing labour standards in global supply chains. It is one of the first studies to systematically map and analyse the institutional design and effectiveness of disclosure legislations, and to evaluate its capacity to steer corporate behaviour in the area of labour standards.

It proposes a typology to analyse the various forms of disclosure legislations that States are passing, and provides a framework that scholars, policymakers, and other stakeholders can use to evaluate new legislation as it is passed, including its stringency, design, and institutional effectiveness.

URL: https://www.ilo.org/global/research/publications/working-papers/WCMS_632120/lang–en/index.htm

Courtesy: ILO

A macroeconomic perspective on Asian development

Amit Bhaduri.

WIDER Working Paper 91/2018.

Macroeconomic strategies and policies have differed significantly among Asian countries over the last fifty years, and yet some common issues recur despite their immense diversity in inherited historical initial conditions, differences in political systems, geo-political situations, location and size, and natural resource endowments.

The present paper examines from a comparative perspective some of the issues like unemployment, role of the state and market, domestic versus foreign market, degree of openness in trade, investment and finance, industrial and technology policy, and economic and social inequality. We attempt to ascertain why some countries have been more successful in dealing with these issues through policy and institutional innovations.

Our comparative perspective presents developmental choices and challenges as moving targets requiring flexible institutional and policy response at each stage of development, which makes uniform guidelines misleadingly over-simplistic.

URL: https://www.wider.unu.edu/publication/macroeconomic-perspective-asian-development

Courtesy: WIDER