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Roy, Devesh; Joshi, Pramod Kumar and Chandra, Raj
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), 2017
What will it take for India, with a burgeoning population of well over a billion, to meet its food needs in the coming years? If the country is to speed progress in reducing hunger, malnutrition, and food insecurity, it must first revisit its food policy framework and level the playing field for nongrain crops. In Pulses for Nutrition in India: Changing Patterns from Farm to Fork, leading researchers consider the role that pulses can play in improving food security and nutrition as well as the changes necessary in production practices to accomplish these goals.
Courtesy : IFPRI E-BRARY
Kailash Chandra Pradhan and Shrabani Mukherjee
MIDS WP 161, 2017
Structural Transformation in the North-eastern Region of India: Charting Out an Agriculture-based Development Policy
Agrarian South: Journal of Political Economy, Volume 6, Issue 3, December 2017
Economic development is associated with a process of structural transformation that entails a falling share of agriculture in terms of both output and employment. However, at least in the initial phases, the share of agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) as a proportion of total GDP tends to decline much faster than the share of agricultural employment in total employment. Consequently, the difference between these two shares, termed as the GAP in development literature, increases during the initial phase of economic development, whereby the agricultural sector continues to employ the majority of labour force but contributes less and less output to total GDP. This creates a structural imbalance in the economy, resulting in low agricultural productivity, high-income inequality and consequent political instability. In this essay, we intend to study this process of structural transformation in the North-eastern (NE) states of India. Within the paradigm of agriculture-led development, pioneered by John Mellor, the essay attempts to chart out a development path for the NE region centred on agriculture and agricultural productivity. We derive specific policy parameters that would go a long way in correcting the structural imbalances and the resulting economic inequality and political instability by reducing the ‘GAP’ and by augmenting agricultural productivity.
Journal of World Business, Volume 53, Issue 1, January 2018
We investigate the influence of FDI in land in agriculture in developing countries, a phenomenon also known as land grabbing, on host country food security, and suggest a differential impact depending on the investor’s country of origin. FDI in land by developed-country investors positively influence food security by expanding land used for crop production because of home institutional pressure for human rights respect and responsible farmland conduct, in addition to positive spillovers. Instead, FDI in land by developing-country investors negatively influence food security by decreasing cropland due to home institutional pressure to align to national interests and government policy objectives, in addition to negative spillovers.
Journal of Forest Economics, Volume 29, Part A, December 2017
Land degradation with deforestation and loss of biodiversity has been considered one of the most serious environmental problems for developing countries. The lower level of agricultural productivity resulting in the inability to obtain a sufficient level of production in agriculture leads rural communities to exert pressure on forest resources while damaging the ecological services provided by them. Promotion of economic efficiency as well as achieving environmentally sustainable farming practices can help maintain a sustainable agricultural sector while reducing land degradation and pressure on forests in rural communities. In this context this study investigates the relationships between different indicators of agricultural biodiversity (crop diversity, livestock diversity and agro-diversity) and farm level technical efficiency (TE). A survey conducted covering 723 farms in Sri Lanka is used for the analysis. The results show that crop diversity, livestock diversity and agro diversity are positively related with farm level TE. Hence, it is clear that maintaining more diverse farming systems is crucial to reducing farm level inefficiency and thereby improving the welfare of rural households while reducing the pressure on extensive agricultural practices which has increased global deforestation. Such diversity is especially important for subsistence agricultural practices which are still widespread in most Asian countries.