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Kavery Ganguly, Ashok Gulati, Joachim von Braun
ZEF working paper 159, 2017
The present study involves an extensive stocktaking exercise of the types of innovations that have emerged globally and their potentials for increasing impact on the agricultural sector, farmers and consumers. Our stocktaking draws not only on peer-reviewed research, but also on recent corporate studies. We choose this approach, because we observe an accelerated innovation process in which business and startups play important roles. Impact assessment of biological, mechanical, and organizational innovations currently lags behind actions on the ground. We report on a number of promising innovations that are mainly private sector based. In doing so we partly rely on reporting by the
companies and media, although independent evaluations are still missing. The potentials of these reported innovations need further scrutiny by independent detailed research for impact assessments that capture potential positive and negative externalities. The public agricultural research systems must play a strong role in delivering such independent assessments.
CEP Discussion Paper, No’ CEPDP1544, May 2018
Temperature-driven reductions in the demand for agricultural labor are associated with increases in the share of workers engaged in manufacturing, suggesting that the ability of non-agricultural sectors to absorb workers may play a key role in attenuating the economic consequences of weather-driven changes in agricultural productivity. Exploiting firm-level variation in the propensity to absorb these workers, I find that this reallocation is associated with relative expansions in manufacturing activity in exible labor market environments. Counter-factual estimates suggest that in the absence of labor reallocation the aggregate consequences of temperature increases would be up to 40% higher.
Towards a Gramscian food regime analysis of India’s agrarian crisis: Counter-movements, petrofarming and Cheap Nature
Geoforum, 90, 1-10. 2018.
This article develops an initial framework for a Gramscian and political ecological food regime analysis of India’s ongoing agrarian crisis. Criticizing readings of Polanyi in food regime analysis in light of Gramscian perspectives, I seek to contest food regime analysis’s approach to counter-movements. I suggest, further, that close attention to the Indian case of ‘actually existing crises’ helps us avoid some of the capital-centric limitations in food regime literature. Working towards an incipient understanding of the absence of a sustained smallholder counter-movement at the current conjuncture in India, I argue for locating our investigation at the intersection of crises of accumulation and of legitimation. I analyze India’s decentralized form of petrofarming as a socioecological cycle of accumulation that is presently facing a condition of exhaustion of Cheap Nature. Drawing on Gramscian perespectives, I argue that an analytics that foregrounds the dynamics of class forces in the integral state can help us rethinking the possibilities for resistance to the contemporary food regime more broadly.
url – https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016718518300216
Ratan Priya and Padmini Pani
Journal of Rural Development, Vol. 36 No. 4, 2017
Increase in agricultural productivity contributes to overall economic development and by providing capital, employment, and increased purchasing power of the rural people it also helps in reducing poverty. Environmental degradation is emerging as a major constraint in increasing productivity in agriculture. Land degradation is among the most crucial environmental problems affecting agricultural development. This paper tries to evaluate the implication of land degradation, by examining input use in agriculture in the severely degraded districts of India. Although land degradation directly affects agricultural productivity, the use of fertilisers and rainfall also influences productivity. In turn, productivity is also influenced by other inputs like irrigation, conventional inputs, credit, extension services and adoption of mechanical and chemical technologies.
World Development,Volume 108, August 2018