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Child labor and the minimum wage: Evidence from India

Nidhiya MenonYana van der Meulen Rodgers

Journal of Comparative EconomicsVolume 46, Issue 2June 2018

This study examines how changes in the minimum wage affect child labor in India. The analysis uses repeated cross sections of India’s NSSO employment data from 1983 to 2008 merged with data on state-level minimum wage rates. Theoretically, the impact of the minimum wage on child work could go either way, so empirical evidence from a country with high rates of child labor and a myriad of minimum wage laws across states and industries helps to lessen the ambiguity. Results indicate that regardless of gender, in urban areas, a higher minimum wage reduces child labor in household work. In rural areas a similar result applies for girls while household labor does rise for boys. The minimum wage has virtually no impact on child work outside of the home across urban and rural areas.

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/journal-of-comparative-economics/vol/46/issue/2

Courtesy: Sciencedirect

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The energy consumption and economic growth nexus in top ten energy-consuming countries: Fresh evidence from using the quantile-on-quantile approach

Muhammad Shahbaz, Muhammad Zakaria, Syed Jawad Hussain Shahzad, and Mantu Kumar Mahalik. (2018).

Energy Economics, 71 : 282-301.

This paper empirically examines the inter-linkages between energy consumption and economic growth in top ten energy-consuming countries i.e. China, the USA, Russia, India, Japan, Canada, Germany, Brazil, France and South Korea. We use the quantile-on-quantile (QQ) approach of Sim and Zhou (2015) to explore some nuanced features of the energy-growth nexus and to capture the relationship in its entirety. The results show a positive association between economic growth and energy consumption, with considerable variations across economic states in each country. A weak effect of economic growth on energy consumption is noted for the lower quantiles of economic growth in China, India, Germany and France, which suggests that energy as an input has less importance at low levels of economic growth. A weak effect of economic growth on energy consumption is also noted for the highest quantiles of income in the United States, Canada, Brazil and South Korea, which indicates that energy demand decreases with the increase in economic growth as these countries have become more energy efficient. The weakest effect of energy consumption on economic growth is observed at lower quantiles of energy consumption in China, Japan, Brazil and South Korea. The results of the present study can help in the design of energy development and conservation policies for sustainable and long-term economic development.

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/energy-economics/vol/71/suppl/C

Courtesy: Sciencedirect

World Development, Volume 107, July 2018

Regular Papers

Wealth-destroying private property rights by Peter T. Leeson, Colin Harris

The impact of community forest concessions on income: an analysis of communities in the Maya Biosphere Reserve by Corinne Bocci, Lea Fortmann, Brent Sohngen, Bayron Milian

Sanitation and child health in India by Britta Augsburg, Paul Andrés Rodríguez-Lesmes

Playing games to save water: Collective action games for groundwater management in Andhra Pradesh, India by Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Marco A. Janssen, Sandeep Kandikuppa, Rahul Chaturvedi, … Sophie Theis

Agent banking in a highly under-developed financial sector: Evidence from Democratic Republic of Congo by Robert Cull, Xavier Gine, Sven Harten, Soren Heitmann, Anca Bogdana Rusu

Do men and women estimate property values differently?    by Cheryl R. Doss, Zachary Catanzarite, William Baah-Boateng, Hema Swaminathan, … J.Y. Suchitra

The interplay between planned and autonomous adaptation in response to climate change: Insights from rural Ethiopia by Azeb Assefa Mersha, Frank van Laerhoven

Welfare spending and political conflict in Latin America, 1970–2010 by Patricia Justino, Bruno Martorano

Climate adaptation strategies in Fiji: The role of social norms and cultural values by Andreas Neef, Lucy Benge, Bryan Boruff, Natasha Pauli, … Renata Varea

Unintended effects of a targeted maternal and child nutrition intervention on household expenditures, labor income, and the nutritional status of non-targeted siblings in Ghana by Katherine P. Adams, Travis J. Lybbert, Stephen A. Vosti, Emmanuel Ayifah, … Kathryn G. Dewey

Natural resource sector FDI, government policy, and economic growth: Quasi-experimental evidence from Liberia by Jonas B. Bunte, Harsh Desai, Kanio Gbala, Bradley Parks, Daniel Miller Runfola

New modalities for managing drought risk in rainfed agriculture: Evidence from a discrete choice experiment in Odisha, India by Patrick S. Ward, Simrin Makhija

Using Facebook ad data to track the global digital gender gap by Masoomali Fatehkia, Ridhi Kashyap, Ingmar Weber

New reading of Saharan agricultural transformation: Continuities of ancient oases and their extensions (Algeria) by Meriem Farah Hamamouche, Marcel Kuper, Hichem Amichi, Caroline Lejars, Tarik Ghodbani

What might ‘just green enough’ urban development mean in the context of climate change adaptation? The case of urban greenspace planning in Taipei Metropolis, Taiwan by Leslie Mabon, Wan-Yu Shih

Legalization, diplomacy, and development: Do investment treaties de-politicize investment disputes? by Geoffrey Gertz, Srividya Jandhyala, Lauge N. Skovgaard Poulsen

Measuring livelihood resilience: The Household Livelihood Resilience Approach (HLRA) by Amy Quandt

Climate change and gender equality in developing states by Joshua Eastin

New narratives of development work? Making sense of social entrepreneurs’ development narratives across time and economies by Yanto Chandra

More farmers, less farming? Understanding the truncated agrarian transition in Thailand by Jonathan Rigg, Albert Salamanca, Monchai Phongsiri, Mattara Sripun

Impact of security expenditures in military alliances on violence from non-state actors: Evidence from India by Dhruv Gupta, Karthik Sriram

An analysis of the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative implementation process by Päivi Lujala

Exposure to firewood: Consequences for health and labor force participation in Mexico by Omar Stabridis, Edwin van Gameren

Do special economic zones induce developmental spillovers? Evidence from India’s states by Meir Alkon

Developmental Reviews

Productive effects of public works programs: What do we know? What should we know? by Esther Gehrke, Renate Hartwig

DEA and SFA research on the efficiency of microfinance institutions: A meta-analysis by François Fall, Al-mouksit Akim, Harouna Wassongma

Special Section: Symposium on Secondary Towns and Poverty Reduction

Beyond dualism: Agricultural productivity, small towns, and structural change in Bangladesh by M. Shahe Emran, Forhad Shilpi

Small and medium cities and development of Mexican rural areas by Julio A. Berdegué, Isidro Soloaga

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/world-development/vol/107/suppl/C

Courtesy: Sciencedirect

Inflation, liquidity and innovation

Evers,Michael; Niemann,Stefan; Schiffbauer,Marc Tobias

Policy Research Working Paper WPS8436

This paper presents a simple model with financial frictions where inflation increases the cost faced by firms holding liquid assets to hedge risky production against expenditure shocks. Inflation tilts firms’ technology choice away from innovative activities and toward safer but return-dominated ones, and therefore reduces long-run growth. The theory makes specific predictions about how the severity of this adverse effect depends on industry characteristics. These predictions are tested with novel harmonized firm-level data from 139 developing countries, overcoming small sample problems constraining previous work. The analysis finds that inflation affects the composition but not the overall quantity of investment. A one percentage point increase in inflation reduces the establishment-level probability of innovation by 4.3 percent but does not affect total investment. Moreover, innovating firms display a stronger dependence on liquid assets, which, in turn, are negatively related to inflation. Generalized difference-in-differences estimations corroborate the sector-specific predictions of the theoretical model.

URL: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/docsearch/document-type/620265

Courtesy: World Bank

Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Volume 50, Issue 2-3 , March-April 2018

Articles

Do Macroforecasters Herd? by MICHAEL P. CLEMENTS

The Government Spending Multiplier in a (Mis)Managed Liquidity Trap by JORDAN ROULLEAU‐PASDELOUP

Cyclical Changes in Firm Volatility by EMMANUEL DE VEIRMAN, ANDREW LEVIN

Time Aggregation and the Relationship between Inflation and Money Growth by JANICE BOUCHER BREUERJOHN MCDERMOTT, WARREN E. WEBER

Durable Goods, Investment Shocks, and the Comovement Problem by BEEN‐LON CHEN, SHIAN‐YU LIAO

High‐Cost Credit and Consumption Smoothing by CHRISTINE L. DOBRIDGE

The Credit Channel at the Zero Lower Bound through the Lens of Equity Prices by WENBIN WU

Working Less and Bargain Hunting More: Macroimplications of Sales during Japan’s Lost Decades by NAO SUDO, KOZO UEDA, KOTA WATANABE, TSUTOMU WATANABE

Overaccumulation, Interest, and Prices by CHRISTOPHER M. GUNN

Greenspan’s Conundrum and the Fed’s Ability to Affect Long‐Term Yields byDANIEL L. THORNTON

URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/toc/15384616/50/2-3

Courtesy: Wiley online library

Journal of Industrial Economics, Volume 66, Issue 1, March 2018

Articles

Cartel Attributes and Cartel Performance: The Impact of Trade Associations by Robert F. Schuldt, Jason E. Taylor

Is a Big Entrant a Threat to Incumbents? The Role of Demand Substitutability in Competition Among the Big and the Smallby Lijun Pan, Makoto Hanazono

One‐Stop Shopping Behavior, Buyer Power and Upstream Merger Incentives by Irina Baye, Vanessa von Schlippenbach, Christian Wey

Do Merger Efficiencies Always Mitigate Price Increases? by Zhiqi Chen, Gang Li

Firm Productivity Differences From Factor Markets by Wenya Cheng, John Morrow

Net Neutrality, Network Capacity, and Innovation at the Edges by Jay Pil Choi, Doh‐Shin Jeon, Byung‐Cheol Kim

The Unequal Effect of India’s Industrial Liberalization on Firms’ Decision to Innovate: Do Business Conditions Matter? by Maria Bas, Caroline Paunov

Economic Journal, Volume 128, Issue 609 , March 2018

Contents

Courtesy: Wiley online library