Trade Liberalization, Rival Exporters and Reallocation of Production: An Analysis of Indian Manufacturing
Edwards, L. and Sundaram, A. (2017)
Review of International Economics
Employing a difference-in-difference estimation technique on firm-level data on Indian exporters, we show that the removal of US textile and apparel quotas was associated with a relative increase in sales of products where India was previously quota restricted, but a relative decrease in sales and the unit value of products where China was previously quota restricted. Our study hence highlights the importance of accounting for falling trade barriers for rival exporters in analyzing trade liberalization effects. Additionally, we find evidence indicating that quota rights were not allocated efficiently, suggesting potential gains from reallocation with the dismantling of the Indian quota licensing regime.
url – http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/roie.12279/full
courtesy – Wiley
Cheryl Doss, Caitlin Kieran, and Talip Kilic
World Bank PRWP 8146, 2017
Assets generate and help diversify income, provide collateral to access credit, alleviate liquidity constraints in the face of shocks, and are key inputs into empowerment. Despite the importance of individual-level data on asset ownership and control, and that most assets are owned by individuals, solely or jointly, it is typical for the micro data on asset ownership to be collected at the household level, often from only one respondent per household. Even when the data are collected at the individual level, with identification of reported or documented owners of a given asset within the household, the information is still often solicited from a single respondent. Further, the identification of owners is seldom paired with the identification of individuals who hold various rights to assets, limiting understanding of the interrelationships among ownership and rights, and whether these relationships vary across individuals. Through a review of the existing approaches to data collection and the relevant literature on survey methodology, this paper presents an overview of the current best practices for collecting individual-level data on the ownership and control of assets in household and farm surveys. The paper provides recommendations in three areas: (1) respondent selection; (2) definition and measurement of assess to and ownership and control of assets; and (3) measurement of the quantity, value, and quality of assets. Open methodological questions that can be answered through analysis of existing data or the collection and analysis of new data are identified for future research.
url – http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/934731500383137028/pdf/WPS8146.pdf
courtesy – World Bank
Gender & Development, Volume 25, 2017 – Issue 2: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
The project of privatisation of water has been floated in Bangalore since 1999, and though it has been kept in abeyance by social activists and non-government organisations working with the urban poor, water is being commoditised. In this article, I examine the impact of this process on the struggles of poor women to access water for themselves and their dependants, in a slum rehabilitation area in Bangalore. Women are resisting the monetisation of water, which they consider to be a human right. While the advantages of the technologies that accompany this process are emphasised by the authorities – piped water is seen as saving time and increasing mobility, as well as delivering a higher-quality resource – women retort that the requirement to pay for water outweighs any benefits, and other material realities of life still bind them to their homes.
url – http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13552074.2017.1341205
courtesy – T&F