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Daily Archives: July 6, 2017

Analysis of agriculture data using data mining techniques: application of big data

Jharna Majumdar, Sneha Naraseeyappa and Shilpa Ankalaki
Journal of Big Data, 2017, 4:20 (Open access)

Abstract : In agriculture sector where farmers and agribusinesses have to make innumerable decisions every day and intricate complexities involves the various factors influencing them. An essential issue for agricultural planning intention is the accurate yield estimation for the numerous crops involved in the planning. Data mining techniques are necessary approach for accomplishing practical and effective solutions for this problem. Agriculture has been an obvious target for big data. Environmental conditions, variability in soil, input levels, combinations and commodity prices have made it all the more relevant for farmers to use information and get help to make critical farming decisions. This paper focuses on the analysis of the agriculture data and finding optimal parameters to maximize the crop production using data mining techniques like PAM, CLARA, DBSCAN and Multiple Linear Regression. Mining the large amount of existing crop, soil and climatic data, and analysing new, non-experimental data optimizes the production and makes agriculture more resilient to climatic change.

url – https://journalofbigdata.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40537-017-0077-4
courtesy – Springer

Determinants of workers’ remittances: An empirical investigation for a panel of eleven developing Asian economies Authors

Hrushikesh Mallick
The World Economy, July 2017

We explore the key motives of migrant workers’ remittances from abroad for 11 major Asian migrant-sending countries. Using panel regressions, we find that relative higher growth rate, interest rate and capital market returns of home over the host, investment, financial deepening at home have significant impact on remittance inflows into Asia, along with higher per capita incomes and international crude oil prices. With incorporation of per capita incomes and lagged impact of remittances, we observe an emergence of consumption motives to remit. Therefore, we conclude that both investment and altruistic motives are the driving forces for remittances inflows into the Asian economies.

url – http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/twec.12519/full
courtesy – Wiley

Esoteric Vs Exoteric: Situating indigenous medical practices of the twentieth century Kerala

K P Girija

Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences (2017) Volume 8 No 3

This paper looks at the process through which ayurveda is historicized as the classical tradition of Kerala (and India), at the cost of a variety of practices or ayurvedas. By the twentieth century, medical practice gained a respectful status and became an earning profession. The negotiation and competition to control a commonly shared public space of medicine led to various public interventions. Individual body became a social body and an object of knowledge around which a variety of debates begin to occur. These formations, along with print culture, changing
economic relations, new associations and institutional frameworks emerged in the eighteenth and nineteenth century India acted as an umbrella space for the intermingling of a range of practices in their renegotiation with knowledge and power. In these processes ayurveda attained the role of a professional classical tradition with various kinds of validations or accepted conditions to become a knowledge system while adhering to its own tenets. Some others such as nattuvaidyam got pushed to the margin as folk medical practices. The analysis is done by reading the
first indigenous health magazine, Dhanwantari published from the British Malabar from 1903 onwards for a span of twenty three years.

URL: http://www.japss.org/upload/5.%20Girija.pdf

Courtesy: JAPSS

Global employment and social trends

Stefan Kühn, Santo Milasi, Richard Horne and  Sheena Yoon

World Employment and Social Outlook, Volume 2017Issue 1, January 2017

Against the backdrop of a rather disappointing economic performance in 2016 and the below-trend outlook for 2017, Chapter 1 assesses the ability of the economy to (i) generate a sufficient number of jobs, (ii) improve the quality of employment for those with a job, and (iii) ensure that the gains of growth are shared in an inclusive manner. The chapter also discusses the policy efforts needed to overcome structural impediments to growth, including inequality.

URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wow3.2017.2017.issue-1/issuetoc

Courtesy: Wiley online library