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Daily Archives: July 1, 2017

International Migration Outlook 2016

OECD, 2016

This publication constitutes the 40th report of the OECD’s Continuous Reporting System on
Migration. The report is divided into five chapters plus a statistical annex.
Chapter 1 provides a broad overview of recent trends in international migration flows and
migration policies.
Chapter 2 takes a close look at the employment situation of immigrants and
highlights major changes in policies to support the integration of immigrants and their children.
Chapter 3 looks at the effect of migration on local labour and housing markets, as well as local finances with a view to explain the difference between the public opinion perception of the effect of migration and the results of most studies on the topic, which tend to identify small effects.
Chapter 4 discusses how OECD countries can respond to external shocks causing sudden and substantial movements of populations. Focusing on environmental and geopolitical shocks, it presents the lessons learnt from recent shocks and examines alternative pathways and their potential with respect to the current refugee crisis.
Chapter 5 presents succinct country-specific notes and statistics on developments in
international migration movements and policies in OECD countries in recent years. Finally, the
Statistical Annex includes a broad selection of recent and historical statistics on immigrant flows, the foreign and foreign-born populations and naturalisations.

url – http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/migr_outlook-2016-en
courtesy – OECD

Fiscal Policy, Economic Growth and Income Inequality: A Case of Indian Economy

Deven Bansod, Geetilaxmi Mohapatra, A. K. Giri
The Romanian Economic Journal, March 2017 (Open Access)

Through this study, we try to evaluate the effects that the direct and indirect taxation and the subsidies provided by the Government have on income inequality. We use Gini coefficient as a measure of inequality and use annual data for India n economy for years 1982-2015 and employ
an ARDL-based bounds test approach for testing co-integration. We ascertain the stationarity properties for all the series, separately using the ADF test, the DF-GLS test and the KPSS test. We estimate the long-run and short-run coefficients and find that a long-run negative relationship exists between Gini coefficient and su
bsidy-related expenditure. The long-run coefficients of direct and indirect taxation terms are positive but are significant only at 10%. The short-run coefficients obtained from ECM show that a negative relationship exists between expenditure on subsidies and Gini coefficient. In short run, direct tax seems to have an
insignificant positive coefficient while indirect tax seems to have a significant unbalancing effect. We employ the Granger causality tests to confirm direction of causality and find that there runs a unidirectional causality from direct tax, indirect tax and subsidy to Gini coefficient, while any causality from Gini to any series is largely insignificant. The results imply that the government should use the calculated hybrid of tools like direct and indirect taxation and subsidies to have an equalizing impact on the economy. Moreover, the significant causal relationship from subsidies to Gini opens up an opportunity for the government to improve the income distribution using targeted subsidies, for example the Aadhaar-linked
Direct Transfer Benefits etc.

url – http://www.rejournal.eu/sites/rejournal.versatech.ro/files/articole/2017-04-02/3441/5giri.pdf
courtesy – REJ

The effects of fiscal policy during the financial crises in transition and emerging countries: does fiscal policy matter?

Besnik Fetai
Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 2017

The article investigates empirically the effect of fiscal policy using 101 episodes of banking crisis in transition and emerging countries during the period 1980 to 2013. The research question is whether the timely undertaking of fiscal policy measures would have shortened the length of the financial crisis? Based on data from Leaven and Valencia (2012), we employ OLS with robust standard error and ordered logit model in order to examine the countercyclical effect of fiscal policy during the systematic banking crisis. We find out that countercyclical fiscal policy measures have a positive effect in shortening the length of the financial crisis. The results suggest that fiscal expansion can shorten the length of the financial crisis by nine months in those countries. The countercyclical fiscal measures of income tax cuts are more effective than government consumption in shortening the duration of the crisis. In addition, the results show the effect of income tax cuts become weaker or lose their effect after the output recovery, i.e., after the crisis. Thus, it holds that public investments have the strongest positive effects on economic growth in the medium term and decomposition of fiscal policy matters.
url – http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1331677X.2017.1340181
courtesy – T&F

Policy Discourses and Marginal Places: Histories of Environmental Democracy in India and Sweden

Seema Arora-Jonsson
Social Sciences, 2017, 6:1(33) (open access)

Past decades have been marked with grassroots struggles around the use and access to natural resources such as forests, both in the global South and in the global North. On the one hand, we have politicians, bureaucrats and others needing to deal with these issues at the national and global level. On the other, we have the material practices and struggles at the local level as well as a parallel discourse on decentralization to local areas from the past few decades. By tracing the historical changes in policies that touch on forests-peoples relationships in India and Sweden, I contextualize these trends by placing them in a historical context and examine the questions that are central to a critical examination for environmental governance today. I analyze how environmental policy-making shaped forest politics in the two places and what spaces it provided for environmental democracy—especially in relation to possibilities for people’s participation and for gender equality. I bring attention to the imperative to take account of questions of increasing expert dominance in environmental governance and local struggles, the space for local people’s participation in forest and rural politics, the gendering of these spaces and relationships and how that affects environmental politics.

url – http://www.mdpi.com/2076-0760/6/1/33
courtesy –

Remittances, Household Expenditure and Investment in Rural India: Evidence from NSS data

JAJATI K. PARI ,  SANJAY K. MOHANTY  AND K. RAVI RAMAN

Indian Economic Review, Vol. L, No.l, 2015

The paper attempts to study the migration trends and the factors driving it in India and also to understand and compare the marginal spending behavior of three groups of households in India – those not receiving remittances, receiving internal remittances and receiving international remittances – with an emphasis on its impact on investment in human capital defined as education and health. The analysis, based on a nation-wide sample survey, reveals that migration, besides playing a major role in poverty reduction, also has an important bearing on marginal spending behavior much in keeping with Engels Law and also that the amount set aside towards human capital formation is significant, which has wider policy implications.

URL: https://www.ierdse.org/

Courtesy: DSE

Social Scientist, Vol.45, Nos 5-6, May- June 2017

Contents

The formation of religious identities in India by Krishna Mohan Shrimali

Fidel Castro: The revolutionary as teacher and missionary  by Amiya Kumar Bagchi

Can the working class shape Indian democratic politics ? by Vivek Monteiro

Moving ahead: A decade after the tsunami by Imalka Lakmali De Silva

Book reviews

Courtesy: Social Scientist

Alternatives: Global, Local, Political, Volume 41, Issue 3, August 2016

Contents

Conditioned Sovereignty: The Creation and Legitimation of Spaces of Violence in Counterterrorism Operations of the “War on Terror” by 

Defining and Analyzing “Resistance”:Possible Entrances to the Study of Subversive Practices by 

Organizing against Border Barriers :The Case of EU-Russian Border by 

Book Review
Book Review: Popular Protest in Palestine: The Uncertain Future of Unarmed Resistance by