by Lekha Chakraborty
NIPFP Working Paper no.156, September 2015
It is often emphasised that seigniorage financing of public sector deficits is technically a “free lunch” if the economy has not attained the full employment levels. However, conservative macroeconomic policies in many emerging and developing economies, especially in the last two decades,have moved away from seigniorage financing to debt financing of deficits to give greater autonomy to the central
banks. Against this backdrop, the paper analyses the fiscal and monetary policy co-ordination in India by constructing a fiscal
seigniorage Laffer curve. If such a curve exists, it is possible to derive a seigniorage-maximizing inflation rate to estimate the optimal level of seigniorage financing of deficits.The illustrative
estimates from the Indian data using error correction mechanism
models confirm the possibility of a fiscal seigniorage Laffer curve.