ZEF-Discussion Papers on Development Policy No. 265
Received research shows numerous motives for migration, but fewer reasons for return migration. This paper aims to correct this imbalance. Twelve reasons for return migration are presented and discussed briefly. The reasons listed are derived from research on migration conducted by the author in the course of the past three and a half decades. The purpose of the paper is to pull together the insights gained from that research so as to formulate a base for future inquiry, both analytical and empirical. In addition, just as research on motives for migration can help to establish the reasons for return migration, research on the latter can help to deepen understanding of the former. Moreover, in a great many circumstances and for a variety of reasons, countries that host migrants may want them to leave. In such circumstances, enacting policies that align with motives for return migration will be more efficient than devising measures that are independent of these motives.
Courtesy: Centre for Development Research
Review of Agrarian Studies, 8(1). 2018.
Abstract: This Note examines changes in the cropping pattern of Kerala over the last 61 years. Specifically, it puts together a district-level database on agriculture in Kerala from 1956–57, when the State was formed, to 2016–17, the most recent year for which data are available.
The available data were apportioned to nine composite districts according to the district boundaries of 1957–58 in order to construct a new dataset. The special features of this Note are the construction of continuous databases on land-use pattern and area and production statistics for Kerala for a 61-year period at the district level.
Full Article (Open Access): http://ras.org.in/cropping_pattern_changes_in_kerala_1956%E2%80%9357_to_2016%E2%80%9317
Courtesy – RAS
Garima Wahi and Muneesh Kapur.
RBI Working Paper Series No. 04. 2018.
This paper assesses the impact of both monetary and fiscal policy along with other macroeconomic determinants on economic activity using state-level Indian data. Since economic activity can vary across states due to local factors and state government policies, a state-level empirical analysis, by providing more variability in both the dependent variable and the potential explanatory variables, can help better identify the underlying economic relationships.
The empirical analysis confirms the role for a counter-cyclical monetary policy in stabilizing economic activity. Bank credit expansion supports economic activity, suggesting the operation of credit channel of transmission in addition to the interest rate channel. Public investment is found to crowd-in economic activity, while other fiscal spending crowds out economic activity.
IZA DP No. 11716
We investigate women’s fertility, labor and marriage market responses to large declines in child and maternal mortality that occurred following a major medical innovation in the US. In response to the decline in child mortality, women delayed childbearing and had fewer children overall. Fewer women had three or more children, and a larger share remained childless. We present a new theory of the extensive margin response, premised upon improvements in child survival reducing the time women need to achieve their target number of children. This prompts fertility delay and labor market entry which, coupled with wage or fecundity shocks, can result in childlessness. Consistent with these predictions, we find that reductions in child mortality increased women’s labor force participation, improved their occupational status and reduced their chances of ever having married. Maternal mortality decline had opposing effects on all of these outcomes.
The following NBER Working Papers were released in electronic format this week. Abbreviations in parentheses refer to NBER Research Programs. (visit http://www.nber.org/programs for Program information.)
1. Economic and Non-Economic Factors in Violence: Evidence from Organized Crime, Suicides and Climate in Mexico
by Ceren Baysan, Marshall Burke, Felipe Gonzalez, Solomon Hsiang, Edward Miguel #24897 (DEV EEE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24897?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
2. The Effect of Disenrollment from Medicaid on Employment, Insurance Coverage, Health and Health Care Utilization by Thomas DeLeire #24899 (HE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24899?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
3. The Impacts of Export Taxes on Agricultural Trade by Jayson Beckman, Carmen Estrades, Manuel Flores, Angel Aguiar #24894 (ITI) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24894?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
4. Aging, Output Per Capita and Secular Stagnation by Gauti B. Eggertsson, Manuel Lancastre, Lawrence H. Summers #24902 (EFG ME) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24902?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
5. Re-examining the Effects of Trading with China on Local Labor Markets: A Supply Chain Perspective by Zhi Wang, Shang-Jin Wei, Xinding Yu, Kunfu Zhu #24886 (ITI) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24886?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
6. Climate Shocks, Cyclones, and Economic Growth: Bridging the Micro-Macro Gap by Laura Bakkensen, Lint Barrage #24893 (EEE EFG) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24893?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
7. Seasonal Adjustment of NIPA data by Jonathan H. Wright #24895 (EFG ME) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24895?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
8. Measuring Bilateral Exports of Value Added: A Unified Framework by Bart Los, Marcel P. Timmer #24896 (ITI)
9. Changes in Household Diet: Determinants and Predictability by Stefan Hut, Emily Oster #24892 (HC HE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24892?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
10. Inequality Aversion, Populism, and the Backlash Against Globalization by Lubos Pastor, Pietro Veronesi #24900 (AP IFM ITI POL) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24900?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
11. Quasi-Experimental Methods in Environmental Economics: Opportunities and Challenges by Olivier Deschenes, Kyle C. Meng #24903 (EEE HE PE) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24903?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
12. Choosing between Growth and Glory by Sharon Belenzon, Aaron Chatterji, Brendan Daley #24901 (PR) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24901?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
13. Do the Rich Get Richer in the Stock Market? Evidence from India by John Y. Campbell, Tarun Ramadorai, Benjamin Ranish #24898 (AP) http://papers.nber.org/papers/w24898?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
Changes in Global Trade Patterns and Women’s Employment in Manufacturing, 1995–2011(Pages: 1-28) by Dürdane Şirin Saraçoğlu, Emel Memiş, Ebru Voyvoda & Burça Kızılırmak
Household Social Mobility for Paid Domestic Workers and Other Low-Skilled Women Employed in South Africa(Pages: 29-55) by Ronelle Burger, Marisa Von Fintel & Carina Van der Watt
Passing the “Torches of Freedom”: Smoking Behaviors of Women in Nepal(Pages: 56-79) by Kristina N. Piorkowski & Alok K. Bohara
Ecology, Sustainability, and Care: Developments in the Field(Pages: 80-88) by Julie A. Nelson & Marilyn Power
Reorganizing School Lunch for a More Just and Sustainable Food System in the US(Pages: 89-112) by Jennifer Gaddis & Amy K. Coplen
Who Dares to Care? (In the World of Finance)(Pages: 113-135) by Helen Mussell
To Measure and to Narrate: Paths Toward a Sustainable Future(Pages: 136-159) by Günseli Berik
The Monetized Economy Versus Care and the Environment: Degrowth Perspectives On Reconciling an Antagonism(Pages: 160-183) by Corinna Dengler & Birte Strunk
Buddhist Economics: An Enlightened Approach to the Dismal Science(Pages: 184-187) by Julie A. Nelson
Gender and Climate Change Financing: Coming Out of the Margin(Pages: 188-190) by Marjorie Griffin Cohen
Development, Validity, and Reliability of the Women’s Capabilities Index(Pages: 271-288) by Giulia Greco, Jolene Skordis-Worrall & Anne Mills
Migrating to the City in North West China: Young Rural Women’s Empowerment(Pages: 289-307) by Vilma Seeberg & Shujuan Luo
Women Empowerment Through Self-Help Groups: The Bittersweet Fruits of Collective Apple Cultivation in Highland Ethiopia(Pages: 308-330) by Sintayehu Hailu Alemu, Luuk Van Kempen & Ruerd Ruben
Power, Capability and Cultural Subjects: An Inquiry into “Institutional Neglect” in Participatory Planning(Pages: 331-344) by Tamara Nair
Examining Collective Action Through the Capability Approach: The Example of Community Currencies(Pages: 345-364) by Felix Rauschmayer, Christine Polzin, Mirijam Mock & Ines Omann
Applying the Capability Approach to Enhance the Conceptualization of Well-being in Environmental Assessment(Pages: 365-397) by Nicholas Philip Simpson
A MANUSH or HUMANS Characterisation of the Human Development Index(Pages: 398-415) by Srijit Mishra & Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan
Human Development in Times of Crisis: Renegotiating Social Justice(Pages: 416-417) by Annie Austin
Developing Minds: Psychology, Neoliberalism and Power(Pages: 417-419) by Lachlan Summers
Human Development and Global Institutions: Evolution, Impact, Reform(Pages: 419-420) by Juan Telleria