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February 2020
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Household Assets and Wealth Quintiles, India 2006–16: Insights on Economic Inequalities

by Udaya Shankar Mishra and William Joe.
Economic and Political Weekly 55(6), 08 Feb, 2020.

Abstract : The potential of National Family Health Survey wealth index to contribute to the discourse on poverty and inequality in India is presented. Between 2005–06 and 2015–16, there have been improvements in ownership and access to fairly basic household assets and amenities, yet, much needs to be accomplished in the provisioning of pucca houses, clean cooking fuel, improved toilet facilities as well as access to the digital world through computers and the internet.

Inter-household inequalities in asset ownership have declined, but there are large intergroup inequalities with particularly disadvantaged asset ownership profiles for Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and Muslim households. Interstate inequalities in asset ownership, however, have increased.

The increased concentration of asset poor is found in Bihar, whereas Punjab and Haryana experience increased share of richest households. Overall, based on robustness checks, the NFHS wealth index is an important proxy of socio-economic status and offers considerable scope for timely and systematic analysis of economic inequalities.

url – https://www.epw.in/journal/2020/6/national-family-health-survey-4/household-assets-and-wealth-quintiles-india-2006.html
courtesy – EPW

Demographic and Health Diversity in the Era of SDGs

by K S James, S Irudaya Rajan, and Srinivas Goli.
Economic and Political Weekly 55(6), 08 Feb, 2020.

Abstract : Despite the progress achieved in demographic and health-related indicators, achieving targets in the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 remains a demanding task. This study acts as a perfect benchmark for monitoring several demographics and health-related indicators in the era of the SDGs.

There is a need to advance the right sources of data and cutting-edge tools for measuring and monitoring progress. The efforts to reduce regional disparities in demographic and health-related indicators are hindered by the lack of adequate funding to the programmes and the absence of reliable micro-level evidence-based policy.

url – https://www.epw.in/journal/2020/6/national-family-health-survey-4/demographic-and-health-diversity-era-sdgs.html
courtesy – EPW

Twenty-five Years of the NFHS: Lessons for the Future

S. Irudaya Rajan.
Economic and Political Weekly 55(6), 08 Feb, 2020.

Excerpt : Since its inception, the NFHS has immensely contributed to population and health policymaking. The successive NFHS rounds have been providing national-level information on fertility, infant and child mortality, family planning practices, maternal and child health, and reproductive health and nutrition.

url – https://www.epw.in/journal/2020/6/national-family-health-survey-4/twenty-five-years-nfhs.html
courtesy – EPW

Collapse in Wage/Salary Income Growth in India, 2011-12 to 2017-18

Ravi Srivastava and Balakrishna Padhi.
IHD WP 01/2020.

Abstract : A comparison of the growth rate of wages and salaries in India over two time periods (2004-05 to 2011-12 and 2011-12 to 2017-18 shows that wage
growth virtually collapsed in the second period.

Surprisingly, this collapse was even more dramatic among regular workers and in urban areas and in the higher deciles of wage/salary earners. These results show that the manifestations of the economic crisis were already quite widespread and were not only restricted to the informal sector or to the urban/rural poor.

The results also confirm other results and analyses which have also suggested that genesis of the economic crisis and slow down which is currently being debated goes back several years and is related to a series of economic policy shocks since the early years of the last decade, which intensified after demonetization and subsequent policy shocks.

url – http://www.ihdindia.org/Working%20Ppaers/2020/IHD-CES_WP_01_2020.pdf
courtesy – IHD

Journal of the American Statistical Association, Volume-114, Issue-528, December 2019

Applications and Case Studies

Articles

Value of Information: Sensitivity Analysis and Research Design in Bayesian Evidence Synthesis by Christopher Jackson, Anne Presanis, Stefano Conti & Daniela De Angelis

Inferring Atmospheric Release Characteristics in a Large Computer Experiment Using Bayesian Adaptive Splines by Devin Francom, Bruno Sansó, Vera Bulaevskaya, Donald Lucas & Matthew Simpson

Spatial Variable Selection and An Application to Virginia Lyme Disease Emergence by Yimeng Xie, Li Xu, Jie Li, Xinwei Deng, Yili Hong, Korine Kolivras & David N. Gaines

A Hierarchical Framework for Correcting Under-Reporting in Count Data by Oliver Stoner, Theo Economou & Gabriela Drummond Marques da Silva

Downstream Effects of Upstream Causes by Bradley C. Saul, Michael G. Hudgens & Michael A. Mallin

Nonparametric Bayes Models of Fiber Curves Connecting Brain Regions by Zhengwu Zhang, Maxime Descoteaux & David B. Dunson

Bayesian Probabilistic Numerical Methods in Time-Dependent State Estimation for Industrial Hydrocyclone Equipment by Chris J. Oates, Jon Cockayne, Robert G. Aykroyd & Mark Girolami

Design, Identification, and Sensitivity Analysis for Patient Preference Trials by Dean Knox, Teppei Yamamoto, Matthew A. Baum & Adam J. Berinsky

Scaled von Mises–Fisher Distributions and Regression Models for Paleomagnetic Directional Data by J. L. Scealy & Andrew T. A. Wood

A Spatio-Temporal Modeling Framework for Surveillance Data of Multiple Infectious Pathogens With Small Laboratory Validation Sets by Xueying Tang, Yang Yang, Hong-Jie Yu, Qiao-Hong Liao & Nikolay Bliznyuk

Theory and Methods Discussion

Articles

The Blessings of Multiple Causes by Yixin Wang & David M. Blei

Discussion

Comment: Reflections on the Deconfounder by Alexander D’Amour

Comment on: “The Blessings of Multiple Causes” by Yixin Wang and David M. Blei by Susan Athey, Guido W. Imbens & Michael Pollmann

Comment: The Challenges of Multiple Causes by Kosuke Imai & Zhichao Jiang

Comment on “Blessings of Multiple Causes” by Elizabeth L. Ogburn, Ilya Shpitser & Eric J. Tchetgen Tchetgen

Rejoinder

The Blessings of Multiple Causes: Rejoinder by Yixin Wang & David M. Blei

Theory and Methods

Articles

BET on Independence by Kai Zhang

Distance Metrics for Measuring Joint Dependence with Application to Causal Inference by Shubhadeep Chakraborty & Xianyang Zhang

Randomization Inference for Peer Effects by Xinran Li, Peng Ding, Qian Lin, Dawei Yang & Jun S. Liu

Time Series Experiments and Causal Estimands: Exact Randomization Tests and Trading by Iavor Bojinov & Neil Shephard

Forecasting Multiple Time Series With One-Sided Dynamic Principal Components by Daniel Peña, Ezequiel Smucler & Victor J. Yohai

Time-Varying Periodicity in Intraday Volatility by Torben G. Andersen, Martin Thyrsgaard & Viktor Todorov

Optimal Sparse Singular Value Decomposition for High-Dimensional High-Order Data by Anru Zhang & Rungang Han

Sparse Sliced Inverse Regression via Lasso by Qian Lin, Zhigen Zhao & Jun S. Liu

Composite Coefficient of Determination and Its Application in Ultrahigh Dimensional Variable Screening by Efang Kong, Yingcun Xia & Wei Zhong

Covariate Information Matrix for Sufficient Dimension Reduction by Weixin Yao, Debmalya Nandy, Bruce G. Lindsay & Francesca Chiaromonte

Semiparametric Regression Using Variational Approximations by Francis K. C. Hui, C. You, H. L. Shang & Samuel Müller

Robust Score Tests With Missing Data in Genomics Studies by Kin Yau Wong, Donglin Zeng & D. Y. Lin

Efficient Signal Inclusion With Genomic Applications by X. Jessie Jeng, Teng Zhang & Jung-Ying Tzeng

Uncertainty Quantification for Computer Models With Spatial Output Using Calibration-Optimal Bases by James M. Salter, Daniel B. Williamson, John Scinocca & Viatcheslav Kharin

Prediction Accuracy Measures for a Nonlinear Model and for Right-Censored Time-to-Event Data by Gang Li & Xiaoyan Wang

Bayesian Model Comparison with the Hyvärinen Score: Computation and Consistency by Stephane Shao, Pierre E. Jacob, Jie Ding & Vahid Tarokh

Bayesian Spectral Modeling for Multiple Time Series by Annalisa Cadonna, Athanasios Kottas & Raquel Prado

Robust Alternatives to ANCOVA for Estimating the Treatment Effect via a Randomized Comparative Study by Fei Jiang, Lu Tian, Haoda Fu, Takahiro Hasegawa & L. J. Wei

Generalized Additive Models for Exceedances of High Thresholds With an Application to Return Level Estimation for U.S. Wind Gusts by Benjamin D. Youngman

FarmTest: Factor-Adjusted Robust Multiple Testing With Approximate False Discovery Control by Jianqing Fan, Yuan Ke, Qiang Sun & Wen-Xin Zhou

Dynamic Tensor Clustering by Will Wei Sun & Lexin Li

Tuning-Free Heterogeneous Inference in Massive Networks by Zhao Ren, Yongjian Kang, Yingying Fan & Jinchi Lv

Book Reviews

Handbook of Statistical Methods for Case-Control Studies.
Ørnulf Borgan, Norman E. Breslow, Nilanjan Chatterjee, Mitchell H. Gail, Alastair Scott, and Christopher J. Wild, eds. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman & Hall/CRC Press, 2018, xvii + 536 pp., $119.95(H), ISBN: 978-1-49-876858-0. by Neil Pearce

Linear Models and the Relevant Distributions and Matrix Algebra.
David A. Harville. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman & Hall/CRC Press, 2018, xiii+524 pp., $135.00(H), ISBN: 978-1-13-857833-3. by A. Alexandre Trindade

URL : https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/uasa20/114/528?nav=tocList

Courtesy : Taylor and Francis

Economic and Political Weekly, Volume-55, Issue-6, 08 Feb, 2020

Contents

Editorials

  • The Tone and Tenor of the Election Campaign in Delhi
  • A Longer Wait for Rescuing the Economy

From the Editor’s Desk

  • Naming the Protest by Gopal Guru

From 50 Years Ago

  • From 50 Years Ago: Confirmation of Stalemate

Alternative Standpoint

  • An Epistemic Change? – Reading the CAA–NRC Protests by G N Devy

Commentary

  • Addressing Primary Healthcare Deficiencies – Role of Community Health Providers by Sharmila Mary Joseph
  • Can Maharashtra’s New Government Prioritise Gender Responsive Budgets? by Sujata Gothoskar, Seema Kulkarni
  • Chhapaak: Of Corrosive Mindsets and the Undying Will of the Survivors by Swati Sehgal

Referees Consulted in 2019

Book Reviews

  • Synthesising Macroeconomic Ideas for Policy by R B Barman
  • The Indo–US Nuclear Deal – A Closer Look by Sukumar Muralidharan

Perspectives

  • Envisioning the India of 2047 by Shyam Menon

National Family Health Survey-4

  • Twenty-five Years of the NFHS – Lessons for the Future by S Irudaya Rajan
  • Quality of Data in NFHS-4 Compared to Earlier Rounds – An Assessment by K Srinivasan, Rakesh Mishra
  • Demographic and Health Diversity in the Era of SDGs by K S James, S Irudaya Rajan, Srinivas Goli
  • Trends, Differentials and Determinants of Child Marriage in India – Evidences from Large-scale Surveys by Sanjay Kumar
  • Frequently Asked Questions on Child Anthropometric Failures in India by Sunil Rajpal, Rockli Kim, Rajan Sankar, Alok Kumar, William Joe, S V Subramanian
  • Stagnancy in the Unmet Need for Family Planning in India by Purushottam M Kulkarni
  • Intimate Partner Violence – Effects on Maternity Care and Pregnancy Outcomes in India by Srinivas Goli, MD Juel Rana, Jitendra Gouda
  • Household Assets and Wealth Quintiles, India 2006–16 – Insights on Economic Inequalities by Udaya Shankar Mishra, William Joe

Current Statistics

Postscript

  • Delhi Safari and the Animals of Aarey by Rajlakshmi Kanjilal, P P Vijayalakshmi
  • Rowdy without a Cause? by Isha Bhallamudi
  • Heterogeneous Hyderabad – From Irani Chai to Habshi Halwa by Yunus Yacoob Lasania
  • Last Lines

Letters

  • Vidya Bal (1936–2020) by Vibhuti Patel
  • Disturbing Educational Policy Trends by Jyoti Raina
  • Court on Kashmir Issue by K Sivananda Kumar

URL : https://www.epw.in/journal/2020/6

Courtesy : EPW

Analyzing the Falling Solar and Wind Tariffs: Evidence from India

Kanika Chawla, Manu Aggarwal, and Arjun Dutt.
ADBInstitute WP1078, 2020.

Abstract : Changes in financing costs could drive future decreases in both solar and wind tariffs.

India needs to considerably accelerate its solar and wind energy capacity addition in order to meet its renewable energy (RE) capacity deployment targets. Besides policy commitments, the cost-competitiveness of RE tariffs is a major determinant of capacity addition. We focus on the major determinants of RE tariffs, disaggregating the impact of equipment-related factors and financing costs (costs of debt and equity).

We find that financing costs account for the largest component—over 50% of RE tariffs. Further, equipment-related factors have been the major drivers of tariff reduction historically, accounting for 73% of the solar tariff reduction between January 2016 and May 2017.

However, we demonstrate that there could be a role reversal—changes in financing costs could drive future decreases in both solar and wind tariffs. This necessitates the de-risking of these sectors through suitable policy- and market-led interventions in order to lower financing costs.

url – https://www.adb.org/publications/analyzing-falling-solar-wind-tariffs-evidence-india
courtesy – ADBInstitute

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