International Journal of Law and Information Technology, Volume 25, Issue 3, 1 September 2017
Laws requiring data to be hosted within a particular jurisdiction tend to upset existing ideas about how the Internet should work. Some countries, particularly the USA, have labelled such laws as trade barriers. Other countries, such as Russia and China, have claimed they are pursuing legitimate strategies to protect their citizenry. With a particular focus upon the BRICs, this article aims to make an original contribution to this discourse by synthesizing insights from the disciplines of international trade law and internet governance to analyse and separate the rhetoric from the reality of these competing claims. Drawing upon evidence from information leaked by Edward Snowden about the activities of the US National Security Agency, the article argues that underlying these tensions is the battle to retain or reduce the comparative advantage the US has historically enjoyed in economies of scale for its Internet signals intelligence capabilities. Underneath the debate over trade issues, this article argues that data localization laws are being supported by some countries not only as a means to reduce their comparative disadvantage in Internet data hosting, but also to reduce their comparative disadvantage in Internet signals intelligence.
Aiding Strangers: Generalized Trust and the Moral Basis of Public Support for Foreign Development Aid
Foreign Policy Analysis, Volume 13, Issue 1, 2017
Why do publics in donor countries support development foreign aid? Focusing on material factors, ideology, and identities, the literature has largely neglected the moral basis of foreign aid attitudes. I argue that generalized trust, defined as the belief in the integrity and trustworthiness of people, is a crucial component of the moral calculus of publics in donor countries. Using data from independently conducted surveys of global (World Values Survey) and American mass publics (Core Values Project Survey), I show that generalized trusters are more likely to aid the have-nots of the world than those who lack trust in people. This finding indicates that the bonds of trust expand the boundaries of global justice. By illuminating the role generalized trust plays in shaping donor public attitudes towards development foreign aid, this study helps improve the political economy, ideology, and identity models of aid, contributing to the literatures on foreign aid and foreign policy attitudes, and to theories of cosmopolitan global justice.
Do Smaller Classes Always Improve Students’ Long-run Outcomes? (pages 654–688)Torberg Falch, Astrid Marie Jorde Sandsør and Bjarne Strøm
The Sorting of Female Careers after First Birth: A Competing Risks Analysis of Maternity Leave Duration (pages 689–716)Melanie Arntz, Stephan Dlugosz and Ralf A. Wilke
Land Market Restrictions, Women’s Labour Force Participation and Wages in a Rural Economy (pages 747–768)M. Shahe Emran and Forhad Shilpi
Mauro Mastrogiacomo, Nicole M. Bosch, Miriam D. A. C. Gielen and Egbert L. W. Jongen
Return Migration, Self-selection and Entrepreneurship (pages 797–821)Catia Batista, Tara McIndoe-Calder and Pedro C. Vicente
Testing for Flexible Nonlinear Trends with an Integrated or Stationary Noise Component (pages 822–850)Pierre Perron, Mototsugu Shintani and Tomoyoshi Yabu
Martin Biewen and Andos Juhasz
Courtesy: Wiley Online Library
Retail Financial Advice: Does One Size Fit All? (pages 1441–1482)STEPHEN FOERSTER, JUHANI T. LINNAINMAA, BRIAN T. MELZER and ALESSANDRO PREVITERO
Do Funds Make More When They Trade More? (pages 1483–1528)ĽUBOŠ PÁSTOR, ROBERT F. STAMBAUGH and LUCIAN A. TAYLOR
Trader Leverage and Liquidity (pages 1567–1610)BIGE KAHRAMAN and HEATHER E. TOOKES
Volatility-Managed Portfolios (pages 1611–1644)ALAN MOREIRA and TYLER MUIR
Advance Refundings of Municipal Bonds (pages 1645–1682)ANDREW ANG, RICHARD C. GREEN, FRANCIS A. LONGSTAFF and YUHANG XING
Municipal Bond Liquidity and Default Risk (pages 1683–1722)MICHAEL SCHWERT
Selling Failed Banks (pages 1723–1784)JOÃO GRANJA, GREGOR MATVOS and AMIT SERU
Social Capital, Trust, and Firm Performance: The Value of Corporate Social Responsibility during the Financial Crisis (pages 1785–1824)KARL V. LINS, HENRI SERVAES and ANE TAMAYO
Capital Account Liberalization and Aggregate Productivity: The Role of Firm Capital Allocation (pages 1825–1858)MAURICIO LARRAIN and SEBASTIAN STUMPNER
Courtesy: Wiley Online Library
Mauro Testaverde; Harry Moroz; Claire H Hollweg; Achim Schmillen.
World Bank 2017.
The movement of people in Southeast Asia is an issue of increasing importance. Countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are now the origin of 8 percent of the world’s migrants. These countries host only 4 percent of the world’s migrants but intra-regional migration has turned Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand into regional migration hubs that are home to 6.5 million ASEAN migrants. However, significant international and domestic labor mobility costs limit the ability of workers to change firms, sectors, and geographies in ASEAN.
This report takes an innovative approach to estimate the costs for workers to migrate internationally. Singapore and Malaysia have the lowest international labor mobility costs in ASEAN while workers migrating to Myanmar and Vietnam have the highest costs. Singapore and Malaysia’s more developed migration systems are a key reason for their lower labor mobility costs.
How easily workers can move to take advantage of new opportunities is important in determining how they fare under the increased economic integration planned for ASEAN. To study this question, the report simulates how worker welfare is affected by enhanced trade integration under different scenarios of labor mobility costs. Region-wide, worker welfare would be 14 percent higher if barriers to mobility were reduced for skilled workers, and an additional 29 percent if barriers to mobility were lowered for all workers.
Weaknesses in migration systems increase international labor mobility costs, but policy reforms can help. Destination countries should work toward systems that are responsive to economic needs and consistent with domestic policies. Sending countries should balance protections for migrant workers with the needs of economic development.
url – https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/28342/9781464811067.pdf
courtesy – The World Bank
The Innovation Paradox : Developing-Country Capabilities and the Unrealized Promise of Technological Catch-Up
Mala Ramanathan. The science in the p-value: need for a rethinking. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 4 (NS), p. 223, Oct. 2017
Teaching in a school of public health, I often listen to presentations from master’s degree students who undertake analysis of primary data collected to answer a question of public health relevance. Inexorably, the presentation will lead to an analysis slide which depicts the results of a multivariate modeling exercise (where the associations between more than one identified factor and the outcome of interest are analysed). Strategic rows which indicate a significant p-value will be highlighted or marked with an asterisk (*), and the student will conclude with a statement indicating which of the identified factors had “statistically significant p-values”.
read more here … http://ijme.in/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/254ed223_the_science_in_the_p_value.pdf
courtesy – IJME